Every year on 28th February, India celebrates National_Science_Day to honour the discovery of the Raman Effect. This discovery was made by a famous Physicist of India, Sir Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman a.k.a C._V._Raman, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in the year 1930.
What is the Raman Effect?
The Raman Effect states that when a wave of light comes out of a liquid, some part of this light wave is scattered in a direction that is different from the direction of the incoming light wave. His research shows why the colour of seawater looks blue. Raman Effect is about the flexible distribution of photon particles.
Raman Effect has helped various other discoveries and inventions in the field of science, especially in the department of Physics.
Why is it celebrated?
The motive behind acknowledging this day as National Science Day is to inform people about facts on science and various applications of science and technology in daily life. The day is all about the contribution of science and technology to human welfare and how to implement new advancements to the best possible use.
National Science Day might have been named after the discovery of the Raman effect but at present, it promotes every citizen of India to adopt new advancements in technology and evolve with time.
How is it celebrated and since when?
In 1986, the day had been marked as the National Science Day as per the request of National_Council_for_Science_and_Technology_Communication ( NCSTC ) to the Government of India. The government accepted the request and the first celebration was held in 1987 and has been taking place since then, in schools, colleges, universities, technological and scientific research institutions. The day is commemorated with various activities like science models exhibitions, debates, quiz competitions and discussions based on different scientific themes and concepts.
On 28th February 2009, the Department_of_Science_and_Technology_(India) presented the National Science Popularisation Award for Science Communication to five Indian institutions to recognise their efforts put into popularising science. Other than these five institutions, Dr Pramod Kumar Mohapatra, G.S. Unnikrishnan Nair, Ms Meenu Khare and Jidnyasa Trust of Thane, were awarded ₹ 1 lakh for their contributions to the field of science while spreading awareness about the need of it. The highest award was given to the Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Centre in 2009, for its contribution to scientific learning. The community centre provides science-related learning material and conducts training programs on science education.
To celebrate the occasion in a different yet classic manner, different themes are chosen for the day, every year since 1999, based on various scientific concepts such as ” More Crop Per Drop “, ” Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety “, etc. This year, the theme finalised for the day is “Future of STI: Impacts on Education, Skills and Work”.
It is rightly said,“ the science of today is the technology for tomorrow”. Believing in the same, we shall honour the contribution of C.V.Raman and celebrate this National Science Day with a scientific approach and an optimistic mindset to learn what the future holds for us.