Mizoram – Land Of the Mizos

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~Madhushekhar Mallarapu



Mizoram is one of the northeastern states of India, and also a part of seven sisters. Mizoram means “the land of Mizos”. Mizos are the natives who live in the state. Aizawl is the capital of Mizoram. It shares a border with three seven sister states, namely Assam, Manipur, and Tripura. Mizoram has a population of around 1 million. It is dominated by the Christian population. Mizoram’s economy is majorly dependent on agriculture. Shifting cultivation is the most common practice. Until 1972 it was a part of Assam. Mizoram‘s state animal is Saza (Serow), the state bird is  Vavu (Mrs Hume’s pheasant)

And the state flower is Senhri (Red Vanda).



In the 16th century, some Mizos crossed the Tiau river and settled in Mizoram and Bengalis started calling them Kukis. Mizos are the ethnic group of people who live in the hills of Mizo. They are also referred to as “cucis” or “Kukis” by their neighbouring ethnic groups. Before British rule, Mizoram used to be different autonomous villages ruled by individual tribal chiefs. But, after conflict with Britain commanders, they were occupied by the British in 1895.

 During the period of Indian independence in 1947, Mizoram was ruled by nearly 259 village chiefs. But, due to the campaign by the educational elites of Mizoram, under the Assam-lushai district act 1954,  hereditary rights of village chiefs were abolished. In 1972, the Government of India agreed to make Mizo hills into a union territory, which became Mizoram.

Culture and people

Culture of Mizos

Mizoram has many ethnic groups which are either connected linguistically or culturally.

Most of the population in Mizoram are Christians (87%) and about 8.1% follow Buddhism. 

Only 2.75% are Hindus. Mizoram is denominated by Mizoram Presbyterian Church.

The Presbyterian church is included in the constituted bodies of the Mizoram General assembly. In Mizoram culture, there are many dances like Cheraw, a dance where men hold bamboo sticks together. They open and close them in a rhythm. And women will dance. Chheihlam, Chai are famous dances. When it comes to Music-khuang is a traditional musical instrument that resembles a drum. 

Tourist places in Mizoram

1. Aizawl:-


It is the capital city of Mizoram. And also it is one of the oldest cities in India. Tourists can visit nearby villages through hiking. It is very famous for its beautiful landscapes.

Places to visit: Hmuifang, Tamdil Lake, Chanmari, Handicraft museum

2. Lunglei


Along with its beautiful mountain terrain, it is also famous for rock-like bridge structures. During the evening, tourists can enjoy time with the villagers.

Places to visit: Lunglei sightseeing, Khawnglung wildlife sanctuary

3. Mamit


Mamit is very famous for its Dampa wildlife sanctuary. Tourists can see diverse animals. 

People who love the wildlife can visit Mamit.

Places to visit: Saitlaw, West Phaileng, Pukzing

Mizoram is one of the most beautiful states in the country. Recently, the government of India focused on Mizoram’s development and started infrastructure projects which helped in the growth of the state’s economy. As an agricultural dependent state, there are many things needed to be improved in agriculture as well.

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