National Education Policy (NEP) is a policy to change the existing education system. On 29th July
2020 union cabinet has approved NEP replacing previous policy on education, 1986. The earlier
policy has “10+2” structure of school education which is now replaced with “5+3+3+4” structure.
Design like the age groups 3-8 years (foundation stage), 8-11(preparatory), 11-14(middle), and
14-18(secondary). Also, the policy has come with many reforms. The vision of NEP is “The National
Education Policy 2019 envisions an India-centred education system that contributes on to
transforming our nation sustainably into an equitable and vibrant knowledge society, by providing
high quality education to all”. An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) are going to be established which
is able to digitally store the tutorial credits earned. The 4-year course can also cause a degree ‘with Research’ if the scholar completes rigorous scientific research within the respective time-frame.
NEP and the initiatives
The major reforms in class education brought by NEP 2020 include universalization of infancy Care
Education (ECCE), national mission to specialize in basic literacy and basic numeracy, no rigid
separation between arts and sciences streams and removal of separation between vocational and academic and curricular and extra-curricular. (ANI). The NEP focuses on giving On-the-Job Training & Mentorship Programme, Community Employment Initiatives, Graduate Internship Programme, Education Mentorship Programme, Adult Education-to-Work, and Marketing Assistance Programme. The On job training involves giving the opportunity for students to work on real time projects through internship and apprenticeship programs. The initiatives taken in NEP focuses on bridging the gape between academics and industry as well as opens doors for students to switch field according to their interest. The policy is developed both school students and students doing vocational courses. The policy has also removed the language barrier by introducing the Concept of teaching primary students in local language or in their mother tongue.
How will the youth benefit
Since, the policy focuses on giving practical education and equality. So the children will get the
knowledge required for working in industry. All the students will get the same knowledge because of teaching in local language. Youth will be able to gain the skills at early age which Will open the door for future opportunities for the youths. Since the NEP also allows gaining multidisciplinary
knowledge so youths can learn a wide variety of skills that they can implement in jobs. The students after implementation of NEP have multiple entry and exit options. Internships will be introduced from class 6th and vocation trainings
Is there any change required for university systems?
After successful passing the NEP laws in parliament there is a requirement for initiatives to bring
change in existing university courses rules. In this world today the competition is increased and there are many peoples having expertise over multiple domains. In India universities does not allow doing multiple degrees at a time. So there is a requirement to change this law and allow students to take up a multiple course and also have flexibility in schedule, so they can easily do this without any difficulty. Universities also does not have any options to change major in between the program but it should be changed so that the candidate can switch the field easily. There is also a requirement to make a law for continuous update of syllabus to make study dynamic. The number of opportunities for scholarship should be increased to make university education affordable to all the students. Also, there is need for improving placement assistance in colleges.
The NEP has brought major changes in the old system of education. And came up with a solution to make education easier, useful and practical. It also brings different opportunities for children to learn various skills. Also allows gaining knowledge in two or more fields simultaneously. It also takes care about language problem by eliminating the compulsory language concept in education system. Gives more flexibility to the student by giving open to quit and rejoin according to their wish. This law will be beneficial for students in the future. And now there is a requirement to make some amendments in laws considering college students.