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2023 G20 Summit


The 2023 G20 Summit, hosted by India in the vibrant city of New Delhi, is currently in full swing. This gathering of the world’s most significant economies holds immense sway in sculpting global diplomacy, shaping economic policies, and fostering international collaboration. The global anticipation surrounding this event is reaching a fever pitch, as delegations from G20 member nations have already descended upon the capital of India.

The G20, a formidable alliance, stands at the forefront of crafting global strategies for multilateral relations and tackling the most pressing international economic issues of our time. In this comprehensive analysis, we will delve into the importance of this G20 summit, its relationships with attending countries, and what India stands to gain from hosting this prestigious event.

The Significance of the G20 Summit

Following the Asian financial crisis in 1999, the world’s 20 biggest countries formed an economic grouping with the premise that similar crises could no longer be kept within a nation’s boundaries and that better international economic cooperation was required. The union currently accounts for 80% of global GDP and 75% of international trade.

Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and the European Union are among its members.

Although only treasury chiefs attended in the early years, following the 2008 financial crisis, heads of all member nations agreed to meet once a year for a leaders’ summit.

The Group of Twenty, or G20, represents a formidable coalition of nations that collectively account for around 85% of global economic output and two-thirds of the world’s population. Established in 1999, the G20 has evolved into a crucial platform for addressing a wide array of global challenges, from economic stability and sustainable development to geopolitical issues. Its significance lies in its potential to foster cooperation and consensus on pressing global concerns.

India as the Host


India’s position as the host of the 2023 G20 Summit stands as a powerful testament to its burgeoning influence on the global arena. This pivotal role not only underscores India’s emergence as a substantial economic force but also serves as a resounding testament to its unwavering dedication to meaningful global participation. Seizing the mantle of hosting this summit provides India with an unparalleled platform to demonstrate its diplomatic finesse, champion its national interests, and solidify its position as a stalwart in the realm of global governance.

India’s role as the host nation also is a testament to its growing influence on the world stage. As a prominent member of the BRICS group, which includes Brazil, Russia, China, and South Africa, India has been a driving force in promoting emerging economies’ interests within the G20. Hosting the summit will further solidify India’s position as a key player in global affairs.


The 18th G20 Summit is anchored by the profound theme, “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam,” a Sanskrit phrase resonating with the powerful message of “One Earth, One Family, One Future,” as articulated on the official G20 website. This theme draws its roots from the ancient Sanskrit literature, notably the revered Maha Upanishad, embodying a timeless wisdom that underscores the intrinsic value of all life forms—human, botanical, and microbial—and their profound interconnectedness within the vast tapestry of Earth and the universe.

Furthermore, this theme highlights the pivotal notion of LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment), an ethos that fervently champions the adoption of environmentally sustainable and responsible choices, transcending not only the individual sphere but also resonating on a national scale.

Key Objectives

The G20 has focused its deliberations on numerous crucial issues during India’s year-long leadership. These include lending to developing countries through multilateral institutions, reforming the international debt architecture, implementing cryptocurrency rules, and investigating the impact of geopolitical uncertainty on food and energy security.

Notably, the G20 has struggled to reach an agreement this year, particularly on terms connected to the Ukrainian crisis. While Russia and China have expressed reservations about accusing Moscow of the Ukraine war, Western countries such as the United States, France, and Canada consider strong condemnation as a must for a united response. The exclusion of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping from the list of leaders scheduled to visit New Delhi this weekend highlights this lack of agreement. 

The G20 was conceptualized primarily as an economic organization that included the views of significant advanced and emerging market economies. This places a lot of emphasis on India’s budgetary objectives and the advancement it chooses to highlight as the host nation. Concerns about the global economic recovery, supply chain failure, inflation management, and monetary tightening have dominated much of the conversation.

Relationships with Attending Countries


The G20 Summit is not only a forum for addressing global issues but also an occasion for enhancing bilateral and multilateral relationships. India’s interactions with attending countries are poised to be of great significance. The leaders and heads of different states will hold discussions on geopolitical tensions, economic slowdowns, and rising food and energy prices.

United States: The India-US relationship has been steadily improving. The summit will offer a chance to strengthen trade ties, discuss regional stability, and collaborate on areas of mutual interest. President Joe Biden intends to discuss the social impact of the Ukraine-Russia war, the clean energy transition, the fight against climate change, and increasing the capacity of multilateral banks to fight poverty.

China: India’s relationship with China is marked by a complex mix of competition and cooperation. The summit presents an opportunity for both nations to address differences, explore areas of collaboration, and contribute to global stability. Though President Xi Jinping is not participating in this year’s summit, In his absence, the Chinese Premier of The State Council, Li Qiang, is leading the country’s delegation.

Russia: India and Russia share historical ties. At the summit, discussions can focus on economic partnerships, energy cooperation, and regional stability, particularly in Central Asia. Russia’s President Vladimir Putin is also not going to be a part of the G20 Summit this year. Russia’s foreign minister Sergei Lavrov is representing the country in New Delhi.

European Union: The EU remains an essential economic partner for India. Talks at the summit can concentrate on trade agreements, climate action, and deepening bilateral ties. Rishi Sunak is attending the Summit in New Delhi on his first official trip to India as Britain’s prime minister.

South Asian Neighbors: India’s interactions with its South Asian neighbours are crucial for regional stability. The summit will provide a platform to discuss shared development goals, security concerns, and opportunities for economic integration.

In addition to G20 members, India has also invited the leaders of Bangladesh, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Egypt, Mauritius, Oman, Singapore, Spain, and the United Arab Emirates.
The G20 Summit is also witnessing the participation of top administrators from international organizations such as the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank.

What India Will Gain

The privilege of hosting the G20 Summit bestows upon India an array of both concrete and intangible advantages:

Diplomatic Ascendancy: India stands at the threshold of influencing and sculpting global discourse, articulating its national interests on a grand and consequential stage. This presents a golden opportunity to bolster its diplomatic sway and forge enduring partnerships with key international players.

Economic Windfall: As the epicenter of this summit, India has become a magnet for international attention and investment. This spotlight has the potential to catalyze economic growth and fortify trade relationships, propelling the nation into new echelons of prosperity.

Elevated Global Esteem: The act of hosting such a monumental gathering underscores India’s unwavering dedication to global collaboration, burnishing its reputation as a reliable and adept global participant. This pivotal role showcases India’s commitment to fostering worldwide unity.
Multilateral Proficiency: The experience garnered from orchestrating and managing the intricate logistics of the G20 Summit equips India with invaluable expertise in handling multifaceted multilateral events. This expertise can be harnessed for future diplomatic endeavors, further amplifying India’s global standing and efficacy in international diplomacy.


The G20 Summit in India represents a significant juncture in global diplomacy. It serves as a platform for addressing critical global challenges and strengthening diplomatic ties. India, as the host nation, stands to gain diplomatic influence, economic opportunities, and an enhanced global image. As the world converges on Indian soil, the stage is set for constructive dialogues and collaborative efforts that can shape the course of international relations and global governance.

-Liya Ann Mary


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The content writing domain consists of passionate and creative change-makers who are willing to create a difference in society through their writings and blogs. They write on a range of topics from India to the world and beyond. The team also helps in a range of write-ups and content required for the SKCF webpage and events.

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