Literacy Rate in India

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~ Rabjot Singh 

The world and the citizens of the country will always welcome erudite decisions and policies made for the betterment of the country, with open hearts & hands. Literacy will never put a country in vulnerable conditions instead it helps in fighting obstacles and hindrances smartly. Literacy doesn’t mean only to read and write but also to have guts or knowledge to lead and rule, to make proper judgments and decisions for the betterment of its society. It will always uphold the Pride, Honour, and Integrity of the Nation and its Constitution.  

The World has evolved around the globe every time and so our country ‘India’, always accepts the changing and challenging time and moves forward hand-in-hand with the latest and updated upcoming and adheres to them for the welfare of the country. 

Teaching System in India

Having Gurukuls and teaching and learning of the fragile leaves under the tree from Ancient Times to pre-Independent India, from having education with chalk & small hand boards to pen, pencil, notebooks and blackboards with chalk, and Now after entering in new era with millennials, it took a change in teaching on the whiteboard with black markers and projector learning and virtual learnings. The literacy rate of India at 12% in 1947 before Independence to 74.04% according to the latest report in the second decade of 21st Century is the great example that India always welcomes new and modern updates in the society and also maintaining it with basic Ethics and morality of respective culture and tradition. According to the latest survey, the state which is having the least rate of literacy is also literate more than 50%, i.e. Bihar with 63.82% of literacy & it goes to 93.91% in Kerala.

A long Journey from 12% to 74% was not easy for a country like India with such a huge population, these steps were full of obstacles and new challenges faced and solved by the Government of India and the public. Many Initiatives and major decisions and policies made this journey possible such as- Providing free education to children under age 14, National Policy on Education in 1968 & 1986 (which aimed at initiating & promoting Primary, Secondary & Higher level Education), New Education Policy (its motive was to motivate & to provide a basic platform of education for women, Scheduled Castes(SC) & Schedule Tribes(ST) ), Midday Meal Scheme(1995), Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan(2001), National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level(NPEGEL), Padega India to Badhega India, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Abhiyan, and other schemes and Abhyans which promoted Education and motivated children and people to gain an education in India. All these schemes and policies are made and implemented by the Government by investing some percentage of the GDP of the Nation.

In the latest Budget(2020-21) Government proposed Rs. 99,300 Cr. in the education sector and Rs. 94,842 Cr. in education in FY 2019-20 from GDP. The hike of Rs. 4,437 Cr. was invested in the last 2 financial Years, & from 2014-15 to 2019-20 Government of India has increased 0.3% of GDP contribution in the Indian Education System.

No doubt, India’s rate of literacy is much better than others but to gain more development and success in the field, India needs to concentrate on that 26.06% and not on 74.04% of literacy rate. In education, learners should develop their skills, attitudes, and values as time changes that will help them in transforming wellbeing. A learner’s wellbeing will improve academic achievement, and it includes physical, emotional, mental, social, intellectual, and even spiritual development of every learner. In India, according to the International report, education is not meeting student’s needs. India can recover that 26.06% of the gap by transforming given 7 obstacles or challenges into 7 goals of Education.

The reasons or loopholes in the current education system are:-

Rote Learning– Instead of rote learning students should be taught conceptual and practical knowledge through which they can easily able to retain and apply them.  

Evaluation System– Instead of focusing on a 3-hour exam, the focus of education must be on classroom participation by students in projects, communication, leadership skills, and extracurricular activities.  

Discrimination between subjects– In India, students are pushed to become a machine that only goes for high-profile subjects, and subjects like languages, communications, arts are looked down on and are not considered high profile.  

Better Training– While teaching, the teacher should create a congenial and home-like atmosphere where students can feel empathy and love in the classrooms and which can then be reflected in their behaviour as they’re considered as second parents of a student and after all, they are teaching to the future of the country.  

Introduction to technology– Students must be taught about technology right from the early years of their education so that it doesn’t come like an alien in their later times.  

Personalize Education– Some students have faster learning space and some have slow. Teachers must be observing all the students properly by keeping a keen eye on them.  

Teach the purpose of Education– Students must also be taught in-depth about morals and inculcated with humanistic values. Being a big, rich person is not all about education and success cannot be measured in monetary terms only.  

The Citizens and Government of India should adhere and accept the measures mentioned above to eradicate these 7 problems or obstacles of education and the following 7 Goals will be achieved:-

Basic skills to accomplish future– Language arts skills will be gained by the education system to students and will be able to accomplish the task assigned in the future to them.  

A critical Thinker– Children will be able to learn and to analyze information and infomercials given to them so that they can decide what is true.  

Able to strategize and troubleshoot– They’ll get the ability to logically attack a problem with a viable solution.  

A Moral person– They will get to know that what society accepts as current behaviour.  

A good citizen– They will be able to become good citizens of the Nation.  

Have a job and outside passion as well– People who indulge in jobs generally doesn’t have other interests in life, They will be able to manage this and this what makes them whole and healthy people.  

To be Happy and Comfortable– Most Importantly, students will be able to calm down, find their centre, delight in their accomplishments, and will be able to try to find their satisfaction in their lives.  

Through this India can recover the loopholes left in the Education System in India. In 

In today’s world, literacy is the only weapon through which a country can deal and fight with all kinds of National and International circumstances intellectually.

Must Read: A New Way Forward Announced for Total Literacy

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